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Things to do in Aswan

Best attractions to visit in Aswan

1. Unfinished Obelisk - Aswan

Unfinished Obelisk

The Unfinished Obelisk is located in the ancient city of Aswan in the southern part of Egypt. Aswan has remained a historic site of cultural and historic importance over the years. The area contains various archeological sites such as the Temple of Khnum and the Temple of Philae located on one of the islands nearby. Visitors can find the Unfinished Obelisk in the northern part of the stone quarries from where the red granites were excavated to build the structure. Scholars say that the obelisk was probably intended as a companion to the Lateran Obelisk that was once situated inside the Karnak Temple Complex in ancient Egypt. If completed, the obelisk would have been the largest piece of stone ever used for a structure. However, a crack appeared during the construction of the stone due to which it was abandoned by the workers. The tools left behind at the site offer great insight about how the workers constructed the pillar and other parts of the pillar. All of these tools can be found in an open air museum located near the site. The area has recently been renovated to provide facilities for tourists. It is considered the second most visited ancient site in Egypt just after the Giza Pyramids in Cairo.

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2. Temple of Edfu - Aswan

Temple of Edfu

The ancient temple of Edfu is situated along the western bank of the River Nile in Egypt. It is considered as the second largest temple after the Temple of Karnak in Luxor. The city where the temple is located was known to the Greeks as Apollonopolis Magna. It was during their rule that the temple was constructed. Inscriptions on the walls of temple provide interesting insight into the local language and religion practiced during the Greco-Roman rule. The temple was built between 237 and 57 BC and was one of the several large temples that were erected at the place during the Ptolemaic rule. Construction of the temple started in the reign of Ptolemy III and finished under the rule of Ptolemy XII. The temple’s design provides the visitors with an overview of the traditional pharaonic architecture that was prevalent during that time. Edfu, where the temple is located, includes a number of tourist itineraries. Visitors can reach this place by a cruise on the Nile or by taxi after which they can take a caleche ride to arrive at the place. It is located about 115 km from the city of Luxor and 105 km from Aswan in Egypt.

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3. Aswan Dam - Aswan

Aswan Dam

The Aswan Dam region is dam that was built back in the 1960s across the river Nile in Egypt at the Aswan point. The dam was supposed to ensure maximum water reserve from the water flowing through the great river. The Dam was one of the stand-out projects post the revolution in Egypt. The dam has protected the Nile to some extent from extensive flooding that had become a regular fixture back in the day. The Dam is an engineering milestone since it offers water reserve which can be held out for a number of years.

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4. First Cataract of the Nile - Aswan

First Cataract of the Nile

Most rivers have stones and boulders interrupting the river at regular junctions but the Cataracts of the Nile are the most famous. The First Cataract of the Nile are the uneven pieces of land which spring up and stand between the Nile in the Aswan and Khartoum region. The first cataracts are different from what exists in other rivers these have distinctive features and have been a source of mystery for a long time. Downstream however the river bed is not stony and is easy to use.

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5. The banks of the Nile river - Aswan

The banks of the Nile river

There has seldom been a river which has had such historical significance as the Nile River. The river runs through most of the major cities in Egypt and is one of the reasons most of the settlements in the desert country were made alongside it. The banks of the Nile River offer so much historical and scenic beauty to the people. Whether it’s South Sudan or Egypt, the banks of the river have always been a major tourist attraction.

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6. The Nile at Aswan - Aswan

The Nile at Aswan

The Nile at Aswan holds considerable historical significance. Although the river holds huge significance of its own, the Aswan region is one of the most important in this area. A complex region in terms of its trajectory, the region on either sides of the Nile offers lush green terrain and a nice and beautifully laid out protected agricultural area. The distance of the area is not far from towns and tourists can look at the importance of Nile in terms of farming in this area.

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7. Kom Ombo Temple - Aswan

Kom Ombo Temple

Temple Kom Ombo is a double temple that was constructed during the Ptolemaic dynasty that reigned from 180 to 47 BC. Several additions were made to the temple during the time of the Roman period as well. The temple is quite unique in design containing double halls, courts, sanctuaries, and rooms. The layout represents a combination of two temples with each side having a separate gateway. The temple has a symmetrical shape along the main axis. Construction of the temple started during the reign of Ptolemy VI. Later rulers, most notably, Ptolemy XIII, made additions to the architecture after that. The depictions on the inner face of the wall at the rear of the temple are of particular importance to the tourists as they probably represent antique instruments. The Nile floods and earthquakes had destroyed most of the temple in the past but later, builders used stone of the temples to build other buildings. Some of the relics inside the temple were also defaced when it served as a church for a time. The temple was cleared of the debris and restored to its present condition in 1893 by a Frenchman named Jacques de Morgan. During the renovation work, a few crocodile mummies were also recovered from the temple; that are now displayed in the Crocodile Museum.

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