Berlin is the capital of Germany and had a total population of 4.5 million people. The city has a rich history and is known for its involvement during the Second World War. Berlin is one of the most developed cities in Europe and thousands of people visit it in order to explore the museum, galleries, historic landmarks, and other tourist attractions.
Berlin is the capital of Germany and is the seventh most populous area in the European Union. It is located towards the northeast of Germany, on the banks of River Havel and Spree. The history of the place dates back to the 12th century when it consisted of several small settlements. It was in the 15th century that Berlin was established as the capital of the margraviate and was ruled by the Hohenzollern family till 1918. It played a very important role in the Second World War because the Nazi party killed the Jewish community of Berlin, which is referred to as the Holocaust. Due to the rich history of the place there are a lot of things to do in Berlin. You can get started by exploring the Reichstag that is where the German parliament is or can go to see the Berlin Wall and learn about why the wall was created to divide the city. Some of the other things to do in Berlin include going to the museums in order to learn about the history of the city. Some of the places that you should visit include Brandenburg Gate, Holocaust Memorial, Museum Island, Soviet War Memorial, and the Topography of Terror.
One of the most important cities in the world, Berlin is located on the Northern European Plain that is on the northwest side of the country. The climate of the city can be classified as maritime temperate with warm summers and cool winters. The city has six main districts known as City West, East, East Central, Mitte, North, and the South. You can reach the city by travelling via plane and landing at the Tegel International Airport and the Schönefeld Airport. Other means of transport include travelling by bus, train or car. The city receives thousands of tourists every year, so there are several places that you can visit. If you are a history buff, you should visit the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Kulturforum, Museen Charlotteburg, Museen Dahlem, and the Museumsinsel. Since Berlin is the city of art you should visit art galleries like the Art Center Berlin Friedrichstraße, Galerie Eigen & Art, and the loop -- raum fur aktuelle kunst. After you are done with this, you can have a look at the important landmarks like the Berlin Wall or Checkpoint Charlie. There are plenty of things to explore for nature lovers, as they can head to Berlin Zoo, Tierpark Berli, Viktoriapark, Tempelhofer Park, and the Botanischer Garten.
It was in the 18th century when the Brandenburg Gate was built and is still considered one of the most famous landmarks of the city. Back in the days of the Cold War, it was built near the border of the two halves of the city. In 1989, the wall fell, and the Brandenburg Gate became a symbol of the unification of East and West Germany.
The gate was commissioned by Emperor William II and it was 28 meters tall and 65.5 meters wide. The construction of the wall started back in1778 and ended in 1791, and was decorated according to Greek mythology, which took additional four years. The gate had five passages out of which two were used by the common people, one by the aristocracy, and two by the royals. The gate was heavily damaged during World War II, but it was reconstructed from 1956 till 1958.
In the year 1961, the Brandenburg Gate was closed just a day after the construction of the Berlin Wall. When the wall fell, people rejoiced near the gate, and it was reopened in December 1989. Don't forget to visit this historic landmark when in Berlin.
The Reichstag is one of Germany’s most important historic landmarks, and is situated near the Brandenburg Gate. Back in 1871, there was a need of a parliamentary building, and in order to select a design for it, a competition was held. There were around 183 submissions out of which Paul Wallot’s design won.
The architect created a building that was 97 meters wide and 137 meters long. The design consisted of an iron dome which looked very impressive. The construction work continued from 1884 till 1894.The building was used by the parliament, and is said to have played an important role in Hitler’s rise to power.
The Reichstag suffered great damage from a fire that broke out in 1933. It was not repaired, and was further damaged during the World War II. After the division of Berlin, the building ended up in the West part, and its dome was removed. The reconstruction of the damaged parts took place from 1958 till 1972. Every year, the place receives several hundred visitors who explore the building and get a glimpse of Berlin’s history.
Berlin is a city with a past full of wars and political turmoil. The city has seen everything from World War II to the holocaust and from Hitler’s rise of power to the division of the city into two. The city recovered fast, and today receives thousands of tourists every year who are eager to learn about the city’s troubling past or are simply there to be bedazzled by the architecture and German culture.
If you plan on visiting Berlin, then you must visit the Topography of terror, which is a museum that is located in the former SS headquarters, an area known for torturing and corruption. The museum presents accurate accounts of the Holocaust, construction of the Berlin Wall, and the Nazi regime.
Visiting the museum is like walking through history because this is the very place where the Nazi officers worked more than 70 years ago. The site also includes the remains of the Berlin Wall and the place also has another exhibition that focuses on Berlin’s role in the "Third Reich". Other than this, there are several lectures, exhibits and educational programs that are extremely interesting for tourists who love history.
The Fernsehturm Berlin (or the Berlin TV tower, as it is commonly known) is the tallest structure in Germany. It was made in 1969 and has sort of become a symbol for the new and modern Germany. The best part of the tower isn’t the tower itself, but the view it provides you. Getting to the tower is very easy, because you will be able to see the tower from many parts of Berlin. Most movies that have scenes shot in Berlin often show this tower to denote Berlin, much in the same way as the Eiffel Tower is shown to denote Paris.
The view from the Fernsehturm is amazing. You can literally see the whole city around you, since there is nothing to obstruct the view. The platform made for visitors, which is the most common tourist spot, is more than 600 feet high. Berlin is also a very clean city with minimal pollution, what this means is that on a clear day you can view as far as 40 kilometers. There is also a rotating restaurant above the platform. If you take a tour of the city, this tower will probably be already on the itinerary. If it isn’t, don’t miss it.
The fall of the Berlin Wall, a famous quote we’ve all heard. The Berlin Wall memorial is a fantastic monument to visit, if you are interested in history. It is rare to have sites as historic yet so new. It can be a very emotional experience as well, since the names of the people who died while trying to cross the wall are preserved here. Knowing that people suffered and died trying to get a better life is heartbreakingly relatable. The visitor’s center is great for tourists.
There is a small museum there which gives you the true history of the place. You get a real feel for how the people lived at the time, and the effects of the wall. The economic differences between East and West German were huge, and it was all separated by this wall. You also get a great idea of the political climate of those days, and why the Berlin wall was constructed in the first place. You also hear personal stories of people who crossed the wall, and it is an illuminating and very personal experience.
If there is one symbol that reminds Berliners about the Cold War, it is Checkpoint Charlie, as it separated East and West Berlin. The Berlin Wall was built in 1961 and stopped people from the East side to travel to the West side. The wall had three check posts, out of which Checkpoint Charlie became extremely famous.
It was the only place via which foreigners could cross from East to West. The checkpoint was removed almost thirty years later, during the time the reunification, but the place still holds historical importance and is considered an important landmark when it comes to Berlin’s history.
Currently, visitors can go to the area and they will find some bricks that lie on the path where the Berlin Wall once stood. Other than this, there is a sign that points towards the original site, and replica of the original check post. Visitors can pay a visit to the Haus am Checkpoint Charlie and learn more about the city’s history, the Berlin Wall, and World War II.
Berlin in Germany is a city most people have heard of due to its being the location of the Berlin Wall. You can visit the Berlin Wall Memorial, Brandenburg Gate, Reichstag Buildings, and that is just a few of the things to do in Berlin. You can travel to a host of museums that detail the country and city’s history. With an endless number of things to do in Berlin, book your ticket right now!