Berlin is the capital of Germany and had a total population of 4.5 million people. The city has a rich history and is known for its involvement during the Second World War. Berlin is one of the most developed cities in Europe and thousands of people visit it in order to explore the museum, galleries, historic landmarks, and other tourist attractions.
Berlin is the capital of Germany and is the seventh most populous area in the European Union. It is located towards the northeast of Germany, on the banks of River Havel and Spree. The history of the place dates back to the 12th century when it consisted of several small settlements. It was in the 15th century that Berlin was established as the capital of the margraviate and was ruled by the Hohenzollern family till 1918. It played a very important role in the Second World War because the Nazi party killed the Jewish community of Berlin, which is referred to as the Holocaust. Due to the rich history of the place there are a lot of things to do in Berlin. You can get started by exploring the Reichstag that is where the German parliament is or can go to see the Berlin Wall and learn about why the wall was created to divide the city. Some of the other things to do in Berlin include going to the museums in order to learn about the history of the city. Some of the places that you should visit include Brandenburg Gate, Holocaust Memorial, Museum Island, Soviet War Memorial, and the Topography of Terror.
One of the most important cities in the world, Berlin is located on the Northern European Plain that is on the northwest side of the country. The climate of the city can be classified as maritime temperate with warm summers and cool winters. The city has six main districts known as City West, East, East Central, Mitte, North, and the South. You can reach the city by travelling via plane and landing at the Tegel International Airport and the Schönefeld Airport. Other means of transport include travelling by bus, train or car. The city receives thousands of tourists every year, so there are several places that you can visit. If you are a history buff, you should visit the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Kulturforum, Museen Charlotteburg, Museen Dahlem, and the Museumsinsel. Since Berlin is the city of art you should visit art galleries like the Art Center Berlin Friedrichstraße, Galerie Eigen & Art, and the loop -- raum fur aktuelle kunst. After you are done with this, you can have a look at the important landmarks like the Berlin Wall or Checkpoint Charlie. There are plenty of things to explore for nature lovers, as they can head to Berlin Zoo, Tierpark Berli, Viktoriapark, Tempelhofer Park, and the Botanischer Garten.
The Bode Museum is located at the Museum Island of Berlin. Established in 1904, the collection of this museum is eccentrically mixed. The reason is that the founder Wilhelm von Bode believed that art was better enjoyed in variety, and that keeping the same type of art together devalued the experience. The 2 major collections here are the Skulpturensammlung und Museum für Byzantinische Kunst and Münzkabinett.
Skulpturensammlung und Museum für Byzantinische Kunst contains some of the most impressive and classic sculpture collection in the world of the Byzantine Art. Boasting artists like Donatello and Antonio Canova, the sculptures are truly a sight to behold. The Byzantine at is similarly awe-inspiring, with works collected from the 3rd to the 15th century.
Münzkabinett is the most important medal and coin collection in the world. If you ever had the hobby of collecting coins, this should be pure heaven for you. Some of the most interesting coins from the history of humankind are available here. The collection starts from 650 BC, and it is fantastic to be able to such ancient coinage.
The museum is open 9am-4pm, Mondays to Friday. When visiting the Museum Island, do not forget to head here.
The Pergamon Museum is located in the Museum Island. A big part of it was destroyed by air raids during the Second World War after it was designed by Alfred Messel. The museum has three wings which hold some of the most ancient sculptures in the world from the Babylon, Greek and Roman era. If you are interested in history and beautiful architecture, then make sure you set aside a few hours just to explore this place.
The collection in the museum is truly impressive and has three major collections namely the Museum of Near Eastern Antiquities, Collection of Classical Antiquities, and the Museum of Islamic Art. The biggest attraction in the museum is the Pergamon Altar, which was found in 1876 and was placed in here in 1903. The centerpiece is humungous and is 370 feet, and shows a fight between giants and gods. It is considered one of the best sculptors to date.
The Fernsehturm Berlin (or the Berlin TV tower, as it is commonly known) is the tallest structure in Germany. It was made in 1969 and has sort of become a symbol for the new and modern Germany. The best part of the tower isn’t the tower itself, but the view it provides you. Getting to the tower is very easy, because you will be able to see the tower from many parts of Berlin. Most movies that have scenes shot in Berlin often show this tower to denote Berlin, much in the same way as the Eiffel Tower is shown to denote Paris.
The view from the Fernsehturm is amazing. You can literally see the whole city around you, since there is nothing to obstruct the view. The platform made for visitors, which is the most common tourist spot, is more than 600 feet high. Berlin is also a very clean city with minimal pollution, what this means is that on a clear day you can view as far as 40 kilometers. There is also a rotating restaurant above the platform. If you take a tour of the city, this tower will probably be already on the itinerary. If it isn’t, don’t miss it.
We love the museums in Germany because they are so unique. Most countries have museums which just display the art, but places like DDR Museum and Checkpoint Charlie Museum completely break the mold. DDR is defined as a ‘unique interactive museum’. The aim of the museum isn’t just to show you what it was like to live in East Germany under surveillance; it tries to show the other side and the way people in East Germany felt. For instance, the place is bugged so you know that whatever you say can be heard by someone else. It made us feel very uneasy, and we cannot even think about how it was to live for years in that state.
The museum is also unique because it is privately funded. It is very popular, and was even nominated for the best museum in Europe award. You would feel like you are in an actual home in East Germany. The creators of this museum have recreated not just the looks, but also the sounds and smells of East Germany. There’s even an authentic television from that era, playing shows that were shown on television in that era. It is a very fascinating experience overall, and you should definitely not miss it.
The Berliner Dom (or the Berlin Cathedral) is one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. This might seem like a grand claim, but one visit there and you will understand why we say so. The earliest recorded history of the cathedral is in 1451; however, the current cathedral was constructed in 1905. Designed by Julius Raschdorff, the building is an exquisite work of art. It looks beautiful in the day, but by nightfall is when its true beauty is apparent. It was made to counter St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican, and we think it is just as amazing.
We would highly recommend getting a guided tour rather than trying to discover the place yourself. The cathedral is open for visits everyday 9am-8pm every day except holidays, when it is open from 12 noon to 8pm. If you are religious then this is the perfect place to have a truly religious experience. Go there on a Sunday, the Holy Communion is at 10am and sermons are at 6pm.
The fall of the Berlin Wall, a famous quote we’ve all heard. The Berlin Wall memorial is a fantastic monument to visit, if you are interested in history. It is rare to have sites as historic yet so new. It can be a very emotional experience as well, since the names of the people who died while trying to cross the wall are preserved here. Knowing that people suffered and died trying to get a better life is heartbreakingly relatable. The visitor’s center is great for tourists.
There is a small museum there which gives you the true history of the place. You get a real feel for how the people lived at the time, and the effects of the wall. The economic differences between East and West German were huge, and it was all separated by this wall. You also get a great idea of the political climate of those days, and why the Berlin wall was constructed in the first place. You also hear personal stories of people who crossed the wall, and it is an illuminating and very personal experience.