Berlin is the capital of Germany and had a total population of 4.5 million people. The city has a rich history and is known for its involvement during the Second World War. Berlin is one of the most developed cities in Europe and thousands of people visit it in order to explore the museum, galleries, historic landmarks, and other tourist attractions.
Berlin is the capital of Germany and is the seventh most populous area in the European Union. It is located towards the northeast of Germany, on the banks of River Havel and Spree. The history of the place dates back to the 12th century when it consisted of several small settlements. It was in the 15th century that Berlin was established as the capital of the margraviate and was ruled by the Hohenzollern family till 1918. It played a very important role in the Second World War because the Nazi party killed the Jewish community of Berlin, which is referred to as the Holocaust. Due to the rich history of the place there are a lot of things to do in Berlin. You can get started by exploring the Reichstag that is where the German parliament is or can go to see the Berlin Wall and learn about why the wall was created to divide the city. Some of the other things to do in Berlin include going to the museums in order to learn about the history of the city. Some of the places that you should visit include Brandenburg Gate, Holocaust Memorial, Museum Island, Soviet War Memorial, and the Topography of Terror.
One of the most important cities in the world, Berlin is located on the Northern European Plain that is on the northwest side of the country. The climate of the city can be classified as maritime temperate with warm summers and cool winters. The city has six main districts known as City West, East, East Central, Mitte, North, and the South. You can reach the city by travelling via plane and landing at the Tegel International Airport and the Schönefeld Airport. Other means of transport include travelling by bus, train or car. The city receives thousands of tourists every year, so there are several places that you can visit. If you are a history buff, you should visit the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Kulturforum, Museen Charlotteburg, Museen Dahlem, and the Museumsinsel. Since Berlin is the city of art you should visit art galleries like the Art Center Berlin Friedrichstraße, Galerie Eigen & Art, and the loop -- raum fur aktuelle kunst. After you are done with this, you can have a look at the important landmarks like the Berlin Wall or Checkpoint Charlie. There are plenty of things to explore for nature lovers, as they can head to Berlin Zoo, Tierpark Berli, Viktoriapark, Tempelhofer Park, and the Botanischer Garten.
The Charlottenburg Palace, also known as the Schloss Charlottenburg, is located in the western district of the city. The palace was made as a summer place for Sophie Charlotte who was the wife of Frederick III, the Elector of Brandenburg. The palace was constructed in 1965, and the chief designer was Johann Nering, whereas the architect was Johann Friedrich Eosander von Göthe.
Gothe at that point had returned from his trip to Rome and Paris, and the architecture there impressed him, which is why he constructed a dome on the palace’s structure and with a statue of the goddess Fortuna. The palace was damaged in 1943, during an air raid by the British, and the restoration process took more than sixty years. Currently, the Charlottenburg Palace is one of the few buildings left that show the era of the Hohenzollern dynasty.
It is highly recommended that when you are in the city, you pay a visit to this palace, as the architecture is truly impressive. Visitors can see the apartments of the King and Queen that have been constructed in Baroque style and have intricate wood paneling and beautiful ornaments. Another highlight of the palace is the Oak Gallery, which has portraits of the royal family, and the statue of the Great Elector that is placed at its entrance.
The Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church is one of the most beautiful churches in Berlin and is located in Breitscheidplatz, which is the center of city’s commercial center. The church was initially built during Emperor William II’s era from 1891 till 1895, as an honor to the Emperor’s grandfather, Emperor William I.
The chief architect of the building was Franz Schwechten and at that point he created a building that had a spire and a height of 371 feet. The church’s windows were decorated with stained glass, and had mosaic work that illustrated the history of the city.The church was damaged in 1943, during British air raids, and the building came to be known as hollow tooth (hohle Zahn). It was decided that the building would be completely demolished; however, the idea was vehemently opposed and the church was left in that condition.
Today, the remains of the church now consists of the Memorial Hall and displays original objects, as well as photographs of the church from before and after it was damaged. If you love old architecture, then don’t forget to visit the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church.
The Berlin Zoo (officially known as The Berlin Zoological Garden), with over 20,500 animals from more than 1500 species. Established in 1844, the zoo’s grandeur has only increased with time. More than 3 million people visit the zoo per year, making it among the most visited zoos in the world. It is a great place to visit to see all types of animals, and the regular feeding times are a very fun event.
You will be impressed by the variety of animals here. Camels, Kangaroos, Lions, Owls, Giraffes, penguins, bears, wolves, and some that you haven't heard of. The are species of rare deer and pigs you probably will not find in any other zoo. The zoo is open all days of the year, with the timings from 9am – 5pm. If you are going to the Berlin Zoo we would highly recommend the animal feedings. Call or visit their website to know what are the feeding timings.
The Jewish Museum is one of the most visited museums in Berlin that opened back in 2001. The place exhibits the history of Jews from the fourth century till present times, and even covers the horrors that they faced the Jewish community faced during the Holocaust. The building is spread over 166,840 square feet.
The museum is truly an architectural masterpiece and is a renowned landmark. The building is zinc-paneled and one can almost feel the connection between building’s architecture and museum’s exhibits. Daniel Libeskind’s design of the building in itself is extremely thought provoking and is rich in symbolism.
The Jewish Museum has an exhibition that talks about the German-Jewish life from the Middle Ages till the present times. Furthermore, it includes different assets like letters, pictures, and objects that symbolizes how connected German and Jewish histories are.
Other than this, there are temporary exhibitions as well that often talk about modern and contemporary art and cultural history too. There are basically three routes from the museum, each of which lead to a different destination, namely the Garden of Exile and Emigration, the Holocaust Tower, and the Stair of Continuity.