Berlin is the capital of Germany and had a total population of 4.5 million people. The city has a rich history and is known for its involvement during the Second World War. Berlin is one of the most developed cities in Europe and thousands of people visit it in order to explore the museum, galleries, historic landmarks, and other tourist attractions.
Berlin is the capital of Germany and is the seventh most populous area in the European Union. It is located towards the northeast of Germany, on the banks of River Havel and Spree. The history of the place dates back to the 12th century when it consisted of several small settlements. It was in the 15th century that Berlin was established as the capital of the margraviate and was ruled by the Hohenzollern family till 1918. It played a very important role in the Second World War because the Nazi party killed the Jewish community of Berlin, which is referred to as the Holocaust. Due to the rich history of the place there are a lot of things to do in Berlin. You can get started by exploring the Reichstag that is where the German parliament is or can go to see the Berlin Wall and learn about why the wall was created to divide the city. Some of the other things to do in Berlin include going to the museums in order to learn about the history of the city. Some of the places that you should visit include Brandenburg Gate, Holocaust Memorial, Museum Island, Soviet War Memorial, and the Topography of Terror.
One of the most important cities in the world, Berlin is located on the Northern European Plain that is on the northwest side of the country. The climate of the city can be classified as maritime temperate with warm summers and cool winters. The city has six main districts known as City West, East, East Central, Mitte, North, and the South. You can reach the city by travelling via plane and landing at the Tegel International Airport and the Schönefeld Airport. Other means of transport include travelling by bus, train or car. The city receives thousands of tourists every year, so there are several places that you can visit. If you are a history buff, you should visit the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Kulturforum, Museen Charlotteburg, Museen Dahlem, and the Museumsinsel. Since Berlin is the city of art you should visit art galleries like the Art Center Berlin Friedrichstraße, Galerie Eigen & Art, and the loop -- raum fur aktuelle kunst. After you are done with this, you can have a look at the important landmarks like the Berlin Wall or Checkpoint Charlie. There are plenty of things to explore for nature lovers, as they can head to Berlin Zoo, Tierpark Berli, Viktoriapark, Tempelhofer Park, and the Botanischer Garten.
The Berliner Dom (or the Berlin Cathedral) is one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. This might seem like a grand claim, but one visit there and you will understand why we say so. The earliest recorded history of the cathedral is in 1451; however, the current cathedral was constructed in 1905. Designed by Julius Raschdorff, the building is an exquisite work of art. It looks beautiful in the day, but by nightfall is when its true beauty is apparent. It was made to counter St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican, and we think it is just as amazing. We would highly recommend getting a guided tour rather than trying to discover the place yourself. The cathedral is open for visits everyday 9am-8pm every day except holidays, when it is open from 12 noon to 8pm. If you are religious then this is the perfect place to have a truly religious experience. Go there on a Sunday, the Holy Communion is at 10am and sermons are at 6pm.
The Charlottenburg Palace, also known as the Schloss Charlottenburg, is located in the western district of the city. The palace was made as a summer place for Sophie Charlotte who was the wife of Frederick III, the Elector of Brandenburg. The palace was constructed in 1965, and the chief designer was Johann Nering, whereas the architect was Johann Friedrich Eosander von Göthe. Gothe at that point had returned from his trip to Rome and Paris, and the architecture there impressed him, which is why he constructed a dome on the palace’s structure and with a statue of the goddess Fortuna. The palace was damaged in 1943, during an air raid by the British, and the restoration process took more than sixty years. Currently, the Charlottenburg Palace is one of the few buildings left that show the era of the Hohenzollern dynasty. It is highly recommended that when you are in the city, you pay a visit to this palace, as the architecture is truly impressive. Visitors can see the apartments of the King and Queen that have been constructed in Baroque style and have intricate wood paneling and beautiful ornaments. Another highlight of the palace is the Oak Gallery, which has portraits of the royal family, and the statue of the Great Elector that is placed at its entrance.
The Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church is one of the most beautiful churches in Berlin and is located in Breitscheidplatz, which is the center of city’s commercial center. The church was initially built during Emperor William II’s era from 1891 till 1895, as an honor to the Emperor’s grandfather, Emperor William I. The chief architect of the building was Franz Schwechten and at that point he created a building that had a spire and a height of 371 feet. The church’s windows were decorated with stained glass, and had mosaic work that illustrated the history of the city.The church was damaged in 1943, during British air raids, and the building came to be known as hollow tooth (hohle Zahn). It was decided that the building would be completely demolished; however, the idea was vehemently opposed and the church was left in that condition. Today, the remains of the church now consists of the Memorial Hall and displays original objects, as well as photographs of the church from before and after it was damaged. If you love old architecture, then don’t forget to visit the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church.
The Berlin Zoo (officially known as The Berlin Zoological Garden), with over 20,500 animals from more than 1500 species. Established in 1844, the zoo’s grandeur has only increased with time. More than 3 million people visit the zoo per year, making it among the most visited zoos in the world. It is a great place to visit to see all types of animals, and the regular feeding times are a very fun event. You will be impressed by the variety of animals here. Camels, Kangaroos, Lions, Owls, Giraffes, penguins, bears, wolves, and some that you haven't heard of. The are species of rare deer and pigs you probably will not find in any other zoo. The zoo is open all days of the year, with the timings from 9am – 5pm. If you are going to the Berlin Zoo we would highly recommend the animal feedings. Call or visit their website to know what are the feeding timings.
The Jewish Museum is one of the most visited museums in Berlin that opened back in 2001. The place exhibits the history of Jews from the fourth century till present times, and even covers the horrors that they faced the Jewish community faced during the Holocaust. The building is spread over 166,840 square feet. The museum is truly an architectural masterpiece and is a renowned landmark. The building is zinc-paneled and one can almost feel the connection between building’s architecture and museum’s exhibits. Daniel Libeskind’s design of the building in itself is extremely thought provoking and is rich in symbolism. The Jewish Museum has an exhibition that talks about the German-Jewish life from the Middle Ages till the present times. Furthermore, it includes different assets like letters, pictures, and objects that symbolizes how connected German and Jewish histories are. Other than this, there are temporary exhibitions as well that often talk about modern and contemporary art and cultural history too. There are basically three routes from the museum, each of which lead to a different destination, namely the Garden of Exile and Emigration, the Holocaust Tower, and the Stair of Continuity.
Potsdamer Platz is considered one of the busiest crossings in Germany, and is in the centre of Berlin. It was one of the liveliest places of the city and consisted of several bars, restaurants, and cinemas. All this was affected during the Second World War, and the place was completely demolished in 1961 when the Berlin Wall was constructed. Till the Second World War, Potsdamer Platz was situated in front of a train station that had the same name and was a heavy traffic area. Fortunately, the area was redeveloped after the fall of the Berlin Wall, and the work began in 1994. The main architects behind the reconstruction were Christoph Sattler and Heinz Hilmer. The basic theme behind the reconstruction was of "European city", which is why the architects did not include any sky scrapers. The complete project included several offices, residential units, a shopping mall, an entertainment centre, and various subway tunnels. The newly constructed Potsdamer Platz is truly a masterpiece when it comes to modern architecture and urbanity. Make sure you visit this place when in Berlin.
The Victory Column in Berlin is a famous tourist spot of the city and is located right next to the Brandenburg Gate and in front of the Reichstag in the Platz der Republik. The landmark is 67 meters high and was initially constructed as a monument during the unification wars. It was designed in 1984 by Heinrich Strack and was built by Friedrich Drake. The Column has an 8.3m tall statue on its top and represents Borussia the allegory as well as Victoria, the Goddess of Victory. The statue’s face was inspired by the sculptor’s daughter and is known as the Golden Else. The Column is truly beautiful as it has illustrations that takes one back to the imperial days and shows German mythological symbols. Visitors can reach the monument via a pedestrian underpass, and the entrances are indicated by four temples, which were constructed by Albert Speer. The column is famous amongst tourists as well as locals, and people who want to check out the view have to climb 270 steps and reach the observation deck. After you are done exploring the deck, visit Café Victoria, which is located right next to the Victory Column.
If you’re planning a trip to Berlin, then don’t forget to include a trip to the Spree River, which is a famous tourist spot. The river is located towards the northeastern Germany and goes past Spremberg and Bautzen. The river covers an area of 3,900 square miles and has canals that connect it to different rivers. Summer is the perfect time to go on a cruise at the Spree River and view famous places like the Museum Island and Reichstag. The cruise passes through the city and visitors get a chance to see the Berlin Cathedral and the Potsdamer Platz. The boat trips generally offer refreshments during the trip which adds to the overall experience. The trip is something that you will remember for a very long time as you will be able to experience the city in totality and will be able to view different sites which include historical monuments as well as modern architecture. Make sure you add visiting the Spree River to your ‘to-do list’.
Checkpoint Charlie Museum is a popular tourist attraction, with over 850,000 visitors here per year. The museum is made to commemorate and display the people who attempted to escape the Berlin wall, and the effect which the wall had on people. It started as a small exhibit by Dr. Rainer Hildebrandt, in an apartment with just 2 rooms. As the stories and visitors grew, the museum too expanded; however, it still seems too small for everything that is inside it. One of the most popular areas of the museum is the one showing things which were used in successful escape attempts. It makes you relate to the human need of freedom to see the desperate measures people used to create for a better life. This includes hot air balloons, a mini U-boat, and even chairlifts. Stories of people who died are also presented, to depict the emotional toll of the wall. The Checkpoint Charlie Museum celebrates the people who tried to escape, either successfully or unsuccessfully. This is one of the most unique museums we have visited, and the displays here are cramped together. It almost makes you feel like there is too much of a story to tell, and it makes us think that the overwhelming vibe we got here was intentional.
The Hackescher Hof was built in the early 1900s and a number of different courtyards were joined to make one big complex that had multiple uses. It was constructed during the time when the city of Berlin was rapidly changing into a metropolitan. So in order to accommodate the growing population, the courtyards where connected to build houses for people. The Hackescher Hof was built on a large area, which was located in the Scheunenviertel Quarter, near Rosenthaler Street and Oranienburger Street. The construction took place from 1906 till 1907 and was under the supervision of architect Kurt Berndt. The complex consisted of various offices, buildings and residential units. The offices faced the street, whereas the first courtyard consisted of a banquet hall. The 2nd and 3rd courtyard consisted of factories, whereas the remaining five consisted of housing units. It was damaged during World War II during air raids by the British, but was renovated in 1961. Today, this place has a cinema, the famous Chameleon Theatre and several shops, galleries and restaurants. Make sure you visit the Hackescher Hof when in Berlin.
Berlin in Germany is a city most people have heard of due to its being the location of the Berlin Wall. You can visit the Berlin Wall Memorial, Brandenburg Gate, Reichstag Buildings, and that is just a few of the things to do in Berlin. You can travel to a host of museums that detail the country and city’s history. With an endless number of things to do in Berlin, book your ticket right now!