Berlin is the capital of Germany and had a total population of 4.5 million people. The city has a rich history and is known for its involvement during the Second World War. Berlin is one of the most developed cities in Europe and thousands of people visit it in order to explore the museum, galleries, historic landmarks, and other tourist attractions.
Berlin is the capital of Germany and is the seventh most populous area in the European Union. It is located towards the northeast of Germany, on the banks of River Havel and Spree. The history of the place dates back to the 12th century when it consisted of several small settlements. It was in the 15th century that Berlin was established as the capital of the margraviate and was ruled by the Hohenzollern family till 1918. It played a very important role in the Second World War because the Nazi party killed the Jewish community of Berlin, which is referred to as the Holocaust. Due to the rich history of the place there are a lot of things to do in Berlin. You can get started by exploring the Reichstag that is where the German parliament is or can go to see the Berlin Wall and learn about why the wall was created to divide the city. Some of the other things to do in Berlin include going to the museums in order to learn about the history of the city. Some of the places that you should visit include Brandenburg Gate, Holocaust Memorial, Museum Island, Soviet War Memorial, and the Topography of Terror.
One of the most important cities in the world, Berlin is located on the Northern European Plain that is on the northwest side of the country. The climate of the city can be classified as maritime temperate with warm summers and cool winters. The city has six main districts known as City West, East, East Central, Mitte, North, and the South. You can reach the city by travelling via plane and landing at the Tegel International Airport and the Schönefeld Airport. Other means of transport include travelling by bus, train or car. The city receives thousands of tourists every year, so there are several places that you can visit. If you are a history buff, you should visit the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Kulturforum, Museen Charlotteburg, Museen Dahlem, and the Museumsinsel. Since Berlin is the city of art you should visit art galleries like the Art Center Berlin Friedrichstraße, Galerie Eigen & Art, and the loop -- raum fur aktuelle kunst. After you are done with this, you can have a look at the important landmarks like the Berlin Wall or Checkpoint Charlie. There are plenty of things to explore for nature lovers, as they can head to Berlin Zoo, Tierpark Berli, Viktoriapark, Tempelhofer Park, and the Botanischer Garten.
Potsdamer Platz is considered one of the busiest crossings in Germany, and is in the centre of Berlin. It was one of the liveliest places of the city and consisted of several bars, restaurants, and cinemas. All this was affected during the Second World War, and the place was completely demolished in 1961 when the Berlin Wall was constructed.
Till the Second World War, Potsdamer Platz was situated in front of a train station that had the same name and was a heavy traffic area. Fortunately, the area was redeveloped after the fall of the Berlin Wall, and the work began in 1994. The main architects behind the reconstruction were Christoph Sattler and Heinz Hilmer.
The basic theme behind the reconstruction was of "European city", which is why the architects did not include any sky scrapers. The complete project included several offices, residential units, a shopping mall, an entertainment centre, and various subway tunnels. The newly constructed Potsdamer Platz is truly a masterpiece when it comes to modern architecture and urbanity. Make sure you visit this place when in Berlin.
The Victory Column in Berlin is a famous tourist spot of the city and is located right next to the Brandenburg Gate and in front of the Reichstag in the Platz der Republik. The landmark is 67 meters high and was initially constructed as a monument during the unification wars. It was designed in 1984 by Heinrich Strack and was built by Friedrich Drake.
The Column has an 8.3m tall statue on its top and represents Borussia the allegory as well as Victoria, the Goddess of Victory. The statue’s face was inspired by the sculptor’s daughter and is known as the Golden Else. The Column is truly beautiful as it has illustrations that takes one back to the imperial days and shows German mythological symbols.
Visitors can reach the monument via a pedestrian underpass, and the entrances are indicated by four temples, which were constructed by Albert Speer. The column is famous amongst tourists as well as locals, and people who want to check out the view have to climb 270 steps and reach the observation deck. After you are done exploring the deck, visit Café Victoria, which is located right next to the Victory Column.