Florence is the capital city of Tuscany and is known for its history and culture. The city has a total population of approximately 367,000 people and is known for its art, architecture, food, and tourist destinations. If you are planning to visit Italy during your next vacation, make sure you add Florence to the list, as you will fall in love with the charming city.
The city is considered the birthplace of Renaissance and has seen a number of different revolutions. The city receives almost 2 million people every year, and was added to the list of World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1982. The city is located on the plains that have been created by the hills of Arcetri, Bellosguardo, Careggi, Fiesole, Poggio Imperials and the Settignano. The climate of the place can be classified as humid subtropical and has hot summers an cool winters. There are so many things to do in Florence; you can get started by trying the local food as the city is famous for its Florentine steak, pizzas, and the pasta. The city is heaven for art lovers, so you can have a look at the Renaissance art at places like the Uffizi gallery that has guided tours. Some of the other things to do in Florence include listening to the operas and enjoying Jazz performances at the piazza della SS Annunziata. You can also explore places like the Piazza di Santo Spirito, Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore, and the Galleria dell’Accademia.
Florence is one of the important cities of Italy and is known for its food, culture, art, and architecture. In order to get to the city, you can travel by air and land at the Amerigo Vespucci international airport, or by train as the city is well connected to all the other major cities of Italy and some of the other European cities as well like Paris and Munich. If you are fond of museums you should visit the Accademia Gallery, Bargello, Galleria degli Uffizi, Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, and the Pitti Palace. Other important sites that you should definitely check out include Boboli Gardens, Giotto's Tower,Palazzo Vecchio, Piazza Signoria, Ponte Vecchio, Santa Croce church, Santa Maria del Carmine, and the Santa Maria Novella. There is so much to do in Florence, so you should take a guided tour of the city, climb the Duomo or Campanile, enjoy the view of the city from the Piazzale Michelangelo, enjoy the street performances by the Uffizi, and stroll at the Boboli Gardens. When in the city make sure that you eat the Bistecca alla fiorentina, lampredotto, gelato,and the biscotti is un biscotto at places like the L'Azdora, Il Vegetariano, Leonardo, Salumeria Verdi, al Tranvai, and the Palle d'Oro.
Florence Cathedral is a major church of Florence in Italy. This historic church has three huge bronze doors which are beautifully adorned with scenes from Medona’s life. The beautiful mosaics above the doors were created by the famous artist, Niccolo Barabino. The church was built with public funds and as the Gothic interior is extremely spacious, it therefore, looks almost empty. The most significant art works in this church pay tribute to the common man and military officers of Florence. One of the most notable art works of this church happens to be ‘Dante before the City of Florence’. This painting incorporates scenes from the epic Divine Comedy along with an imaginative view of Florence back in 1465.
The church is also particularly famous for its magnificent 44 stained glass windows which happen to be the biggest undertaking of Italy back in the 14th century. The windows in the transept and in the aisles depict the historic saints from the New and Old Testament, whereas the circular windows of the dome reflect Mary and the Christ. The circular window depicting ‘Christ crowning Mary’ was designed by the famous artist Gaddo Gaddi in the 14th century. Therefore, the historic Florence Cathedral must be visited for a rich historical and religious experience.
The Palazzo Vecchio is an ancient town hall of Florence in Italy. This town hall overlooks the famous piazza Della Signoria with its magnificent copy of David’s statue of Michelangelo as well as a long gallery of statues in the Loggia Dei Lenzi.
At the entrance door, there’s a significant marble frontispiece which dates back to 1528. Right in the middle, there’s the epic monogram of Christ which is flanked by two lions. This town hall contains three courtyards. The first courtyard was designed by Michelozzo in 1453. City guilds and crests of the church are present around this courtyard, whereas, a porphyry fountain designed by Battista Del Tadda is present in its centre. In front of this mesmerizing fountain, stands the beautiful painting, Samson and Philistine.
The second courtyard is also known as ‘The Customs’ and it contains massive pillars which were built back in 1494 by Cronaca in order to strengthen ‘Salone Dei Cinquecento’ which is present on the 2nd floor. The third courtyard is used primarily for the offices of Florence. The monumental staircase between the first and second courtyard leads up to the historic ‘Salone Dei Cinquecento’ which is a large chamber and contains many historic frescoes such as, The Taking of Siena, The Conquest of Porto Ercole and many more. Hence, Palazzo Vecchio must be visited for all its historic treasures.
The historic Uffizi Gallery is one of the most significant museums of the world. This gallery is located in central Florence in the region of Tuscany in Italy. The museum conserves unique masterpieces and artworks within its premises and the majority of them happen to be from the ancient Renaissance Period.
The Uffizi Gallery houses astounding art works from the great Italian artists such as Giotto, Leonardo Da Vinci, Botticelli, Cimabue, Raffaello and a lot more. The great collection of art work majorly belongs to the period between 12th and 17th centuries. This gallery is visited by almost a million visitors on a yearly basis. The Uffizi is one of the most visited museums of Italy and people usually have to wait in queue for hours at the museum’s entrance. Some of the most famous artworks of the gallery are the Annunciation, Adoration of the Magi, Santa Trinita Maesta, Rucellai Madonna, The Battle of San Romano, Lamentation of Christ, Madonna with the Long Neck, Judith and the Holofernes, Bacchus, Sacrifice of Issac, Medusa, The Birth of Venus and a lot more.
This amazing art collection also contains some magnificent ancient sculptures, for instance, the Two Wrestlers and the Arrotino. The Uffizi Gallery is a must-visit destination for all the art lovers out there!
The Ponte Vecchio is an ancient medieval stone, segmental arch closed-spandrel bridge which is present over the river Arno, in Florence in Italy. The bridge is famous for the numerous shops built around it. Butchers occupied these shops initially, but the present tenants happen to be art dealers, jewelers and the souvenir sellers. These shops are a main tourist attraction at the bridge.
The two neighboring bridges of Ponte Vecchio are the Ponte Alle Grazie and the Pontes Anta Trinita. The bridge contains three segmental arches. Each one of the two side arches span 27 meters, whereas, the main arch has a span of almost 30 meters. The rise of these arches is between 3.5 and 4.5 meters and the span-to-rise ratio happens to be 5.1.
In order to pay tribute to the master goldsmith and the great Florentine sculptor Benvenuto Cellini, the renowned goldsmiths of this bridge commissioned a famous Florentine sculptor Raffaello Romanelli to design a bronze bust of Cellini which would stand at the top of the fountain, right in the center of the bridge’s eastern side. This development enhanced the bridge’s attraction by many folds.The Ponte Vecchio must be visited for its mesmerizing beauty and rich historic value.
Piazza Della Signoria is an L-shaped square right in front of the Palazzo Vecchio in the city of Florence in Italy. This piazza happens to be the focal point of the history and origin of the Florentine Republic and it has a reputation of being the political hub of Florence. This piazza is adorned with exceptional artworks and magnificent architecture which depicts the glorious Florentine culture. The piazza is also the scene of grave events such as the execution of Girolamo Savonarola (Dominican brother) who was hanged and buried here in 1498.
The design of the piazza is powerful and sober which depicts the values of truth and justice of the Republican Government it was originally built for. The great collection of statues which surround this square form a divine celebration of moral virtues, aimed to inspire the present government.
The most significant of the piazza’s artwork is the ‘David’ by Michelangelo which is placed in front of the piazza’s entrance since 1504 as a way to depict its protagonist’s high civil values, a true symbol of strength and courage. Two other famous statues Donatello and Marzocco and Judith, are also present on the same stairway. The Piazza Della Signoria must be visited by all the art and history admirers for a lifetime experience.