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Things to do in Giza

Giza is a great historical site in Egypt. You may have viewed photographs of the Pyramids of Giza a number of times, but nothing comes close to getting up close and personal with the ancient structures. The area contains a large number of pyramids, tombs, and other monuments that tell stories about the rich historical legacy of the country. No trip to Egypt can be complete without a visit to Giza.

Giza Egypt

There are tons of things to do in Giza, even though many believe that the place is only good for its Pyramids. That is true; visiting the place gets you a chance of getting close and personal with the ancient monuments that are Egypt’s most prized possessions, guarded by the majestic Sphinx. These structures never fail to wow spectators. All the things to do in Giza that you may come across work their magic till you promise to visit the place again. One of the things to do in Giza and probably the very first place any explorer visits here is the Great Pyramid of Giza, or Cheops. This particular pyramid is the most famous structure around. It was constructed around the time of King Khufu. Ancient Egyptians called it Ekhet Khufu. Herodotus describes the structure to have taken 100,000 men in order to complete its construction. The interior chambers alone make up 2,300,000 cubic meters’ making it a definite first place to visit and all things to do in Giza. Around the eastern direction of the Great Pyramid are smaller pyramids which serve as resting places for the queen and the daughters of the Pharaoh King. The larger cemetery in the same side is a tomb for relatives. There are just so many things to do in Giza; it may take a few days to do all of them. So make sure that you come ready and packed for the hot weather.

Pyramids of Giza

Out of all the things to do in Giza, the most celebrated structure, not just in the city but in all of Egypt, second only to the Great Pyramids, is the Sphinx. The enigmatic structures are simple but built finely in granite and shaped carefully like a lion sitting in the Northwest direction of the Great Pyramid. As part of all you can see and things to do in Giza, make sure that you visit this monument. Unlike what you may have seen in movies the original Sphinx suffers from deliberate mutilation and weathering which has inflicted much damage to the original shape. However this has not stopped the Sphinx from conveying a powerful message of majestic and artistic achievement. If you are a historical architecture aficionado this should definitely make your list of things to do in Giza and places to see. The monuments from the ancient times currently rank as the oldest manmade structures on earth. Even in the Roman and Greek times they were gazed upon as marvelous wonders of the World. From that day to now they have not failed in exuding a certain fascination and along with a very powerful vibe that talk heaps about the time that is gone. These are not just ordinary places to visit and things to do in Giza. The experiences that you gain here may stay with you for a very long while. Travelers may also be surprised that Giza Plateau is not just a plain with ancient preserved mounds and pyramids. These pyramids stand in the middle of bustling suburbs. So make sure that you get everything that you pen down in your list of things to do in Giza before you leave.


Standing 136.4 meters with a base of about 216 meters, Pyramid of Khafre is the second largest and second tallest of the Great Pyramids of Giza. Not only is this pyramid one of the Seven Wonders of the World, it is also the tomb of Pharaoh Khafre - who ruled Egypt during the Fourth Dynasty (2558 BC to 2532 BC).

The entire pyramid is composed of limestone. The slope of this pyramid is much steeper compared to its neighboring pyramid. The Khafre pyramid rests on a large bedrock (about 10 meters in height), and this makes the pyramid look much taller than the others.

Inside the pyramid, there are two entrances that lead to a central burial chamber where the Pharaoh rests. Unlike other pyramids, these two passageways do not align with the center of the pyramid and are pushed to the east.
Khafre’s sarcophagus is located in the center of the room. In another small chamber, there are several small canopic jars that might contain his organs (prior to mummification). However, it is difficult to determine the truth - since the pyramid had been looted and plundered several times over the course of history.

On the outside, there is a large sphinx that is thought to be modeled after the face of the Pharaoh. The pyramid overlooks the Valley of the Kings and is at a short distance from Luxor.


Ruins of the Saqqara necropolis

Ruins of the Saqqara necropolis

The most famous pyramids in the world and Egypt are the Pyramids of Giza but the first time that pyramid building began was the Saqqara Necropolis. Now the ruins of Saqqara Necropolis stand where the historical area once stood. The Pyramids are located near the city of Cairo and the pyramids in and around it highlight the importance of structure. The ruins offer insights into the reason behind mummification and the idea of pyramid building which was prevalent in those times.


Pyramid of Unas

Pyramid of Unas

Egypt is filled with Pyramids since it was the early custom of the time to honor their beloved with pyramids. The Pyramid of Unas, which is located in the pyramid field of Saqqara is near Cairo and is one of the first few pyramids built in the region. The ancient name of the structure is the beautiful places of Unas. The pyramid has been excavated multiple times and it allows tourists to take a peak of the famous tunnels and chambers that are present in the tomb and were created hundreds of thousands of years ago.


Pyramid of Sahure

Pyramid of Sahure

The Pyramid of Sahure was one of the first pyramids built in the Necropolis of Abusir, Egypt. The reasons behind the construction of the Pyramid were the burial of the second pharaoh who ruled Egypt, named Sahure. The Pyramid of Sahure is a complex tomb which was created and has multiple complex layers of chambers. The construction material of the temple is primarily basalt, alabaster and limestone. Over the years, the building has suffered wear and tear, but its historical location makes it a healthy addition.


The pavillion with Khufu ship outside of pyramid of Khufu

The pavillion with Khufu ship outside of pyramid of Khufu

The pavilion with Khufu ship outside of pyramid of Khufu is a historic situation. The ship is mysterious and fascinating for most people since it is lodged in the pyramid and pit at the Giza pyramid complex. The ship sits pretty at the foot of the Great Pyramid of Giza which was built around 2500 BC. The ship is now preserved in the boat museum in Giza Solar. The ship is considered part of the list of items which were to be used by the pharaoh in the afterlife.


Pyramid of Userkaf

Pyramid of Userkaf

The Pyramid of Userkaf is a set of complex pyramid structures, which was built in the c.2490 BC. The pyramid was named after the pharaoh for whom it was built. The pyramid is located in the field of Saqqara. The pyramid is located as the step pyramid of the Djoser. The pyramid was allegedly also linked to the mystery of the queen Neferhetepes. The construction of the 4th dynasty pyramid is designed differently. The pyramid is made for a queen and is made using funerary chamber which is exposed by stone robbers.


Pyramid of Teti

Pyramid of Teti

The Pyramid is a smooth sided pyramid, designed as homage for the people in the fields of Saqqara in Egypt. The pyramid is historically located containing the pyramid texts. The excavations of the pyramid have revealed a different side of the Satellite pyramid. The first time the Pyramid was opened was by Gaston Maspero. The pyramid has suffered excessive damage over the years but it allows tourists to enjoy markings on the walls.

You need not be a fan of history or architecture to admire this ancient landmark. The Egyptian pyramids are the only one out of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World that are still in existence. The earliest of these pyramids is the Pyramid of Djoser, which dates back to 2611 BC.

Egyptian pyramids were built as tombs and final resting places for the country’s ancient Pharaohs, during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods. A total of 138 pyramids have been identified (to date), most of them located at Saqqara. Other pyramid areas include Giza, Abu Rawash, Abu Sir, Zawyet el-Aryan, Dahshur, Lisht, Hawara, Mazghuna, Meidum, Nuri, El-Lahun and El-Kurru.

All of the great Egyptian pyramids are built along the western bank of River Nile. In ancient Egyptian mythology, this was the site of the setting sun and was associated with the realm of the dead. Pyramids are often named after the solar luminescence which they refer to.

The pyramids and their surrounding complexes were designed by Egyptian polymath and architect Imhotep (2650-2600 BC). So whether you’re traveling to Egypt on a business trip, with the family, on honeymoon or for leisure, a sightseeing tour of the famous pyramids should be on the top of your “Things to do” list.

The Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest and the oldest of the three pyramids built around the Giza pyramid complex. It is also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops. The pyramid is the only wonder of the world that remains intact, to date (the others are lost in time).

Egyptologists are of the opinion that the pyramid construction spanned a period of up to 20 years and was completed at some point in 2560 BC. The Great Pyramid stands over 146.5 meters and was the tallest man-made structure for almost 4000 years.

Inside this pyramid, there are three distinct chambers. The lowest of these chambers is bedrock, upon which the pyramid was constructed. The other two chambers are the King’s and Queen’s chamber. In addition, two mortuary temples are also located to honor King Khufu. A small mastaba nearby was built for the nobles of that era.

An estimated 2.3 million blocks were used to construct this pyramid. Tura limestone was used for casting and was quarried from across the Nile River. The largest of all the granite stones were used in constructing the King’s chamber. All these features make the Great Pyramid one of the largest tourist attractions of Egypt and tops the list of “Things to do” in Egypt.

Giza Necropolis is basically the entire Giza Pyramid Complex area. It is one of the most prominent archaeological sites near the Giza Plateau, in the outskirts of Cairo. The whole necropolis area is an ancient burial ground consisting of three pyramids (collectively called the Great Pyramids), the Great Sphinx structure, several small cemeteries, a workers’ village and a small industrial area.

The whole area is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and is the only wonder that still exists. The three pyramids are the final resting places of Kings Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure from the second Egyptian dynasty. The Sphinx was constructed in honor of King Khufu. AS a whole, Necropolis was designed as the place where Egypt’s Pharaohs and ruling elite were to be buried.

Giza Necropolis is also the final resting place of Queen Khentkaues I. Her pyramid complex includes a small pyramid, a valley temple, a boat pit and a pyramid town. In the early 1990s, several new tombs belonging to pyramid workers were also discovered.

This ancient burial site has long fascinated historians and archaeologists alike. Legends say that the whole area is cursed, and this is one of the reasons why there are no villages nearby. If you’re traveling to Cairo, visiting Giza Necropolis should be on your “Things to Do” list.