When going up the rue de la Paix, the Opera National de Paris (Opéra Garnier Palace), one of the best things that you can do in the city, greets strollers. A true masterpiece of theatre architecture of the XIXth century, the “Palais Garnier”, built by Charles Garnier and inaugurated in 1875, is the thirteenth opera house in the city since the creation of this institution by Louis XIV in 1669. The construction of Opera National was initiated by Napoleon III among other important renovation projects in the capital, successfully conducted under his reign by Baron Haussmann. This historical monument is open to visitors who can namely admire the famous ceiling of the Opera Room by Chagall. The Opéra Garnier also features remarkable Lyrical and choreographic performances.