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Best attractions to visit in Prague

1. Charles Bridge - Prague

Charles Bridge

The Charles Bridge is a beautiful bridge in Prague that consists of 30 statutes of different religious figures and 16 arches. The bridge is 1,700 feet long and offers beautiful views of the Vltava River. It was initially commissioned in 1937 by King Charles IV and is the oldest bridge in Prague. The Judith Bridge was its predecessor and its remains can still be viewed. Not a lot of people know this, but the there is a lot of numerology involved in the construction of the bridge, as it the foundation was laid at 5:31 a.m. on the 9th of July 1357, which makes the numerical makeup (when the date is chronologically written with time) 1 3 5 7 9 7 5 3 1. This Gothic bridge connects the Lesser Town to the Old Town, and has a tower at each end of the bridge. Both the towers, the Staroměstská věž in the Old Town and the Malostranská věž in the Lesser Town, provide beautiful view of the city. If you want to experience the beauty of the Vltava River, then visit the Charles Bridge during sunrise.

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2. Astronomical Clock - Prague

Astronomical Clock

A lot of people in Prague gather under the Astronomical Clock in the Old Town Hall, every hour to watch it work its magic. The Astronomical Clock is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Europe, and the performance here takes place goes on for only 45 seconds, but that time is truly worth it and should be experienced by all visitors at least once in their lives. There are basically four figures behind the clock that represents the things that were despised by the Praguers in the 15th century. The symbols consist of Greed, which has a money bag and originally was a Jewish moneylender, but was changed after the World War II. Other than this, there is Death which is a skeleton, Vanity that has a mirror, and Pagan Invasion that is represented by the Turks. The figures that are below these include Astronomer, Chronicler, Philosopher, and the Angel. Every hour, a bell is ringed by Death, which then proceeds to turn his hourglass. After this, the twelve apostles move past the window and acknowledge the Crown. On the right hand side, there is a key, axe, snake, cross and mallet, which is represented by Peter, Matthew, John, Andrew, Philip and James respectively. On the other hand, there is a sword and a book, a lance, a book, saw, a book again and a parchment, which are represented by Paul, Thomas, Jude, Simon, Bartholomew and Barnabas respectively. The performance ends with a cockcrow.

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3. Josefov - Prague

Josefov

Josefov is home to Prague’s Jewish community and the area consists of a town hall, a cemetery, several synagogues, and a ceremonial hall. The area is surrounded by Old Town, and will give you a feel of the old Jewish legacy. The place is historically important as it is the birthplace of Franz Kafka, and consists of different bookstores, museums, and restaurants. When in Prague, take out time to explore Josefov and pay a visit to the museums, where you can see the exhibits. The historic buildings of the area are known to survive the Holocaust because Adolf Hitler wanted the buildings to be a part of the 'The Exotic Museum of an Instinct Race'. Don’t forget to pay a visit to the Museum of Decorative Arts to have a look at the impressive art work, and the Jewish cemetery is another place that you can visit, which is right behind the museum. Despite the historic buildings in its vicinity, Josefov had a trendy neighborhood with different cocktail bars and branded designer stores Like Prada, Dior, YSL, Versace, Calvin Klein and Chanel. In addition to this, the area has some really good restaurants like Kozicka Bar, La Casa Argentina, Lokal, and the Nostress Cafe Restaurant.

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4. Old Jewish Cemetery - Prague

Old Jewish Cemetery

A famous Jewish attraction in Prague is the Old Jewish cemetery that is located in the Josefov area. The cemetery is hardly a block away from the Old-New Synagogue and one can see almost 12,000 tombstones in the yard. There are thousands of Jews buried in this symmetry because from the 15th century till the year 1787, the rulers of the city did not permit the Jews to be buried anywhere else so the graves piled up! There are two important graves in this cemetery, which includes the grave of Jehuda ben Bezalel, who is famous for creating the “Golem of Prague”, and the grave of Avigdor Kara, who was a famous poet and died in 1439. The oldest tombstones date back to the 15th century and burials took place for almost three and a half centuries. Many of the graves here are decorated with motifs of plants and animals and the place receives several visitors every year. If you want a glimpse of Prague’s history and Jewish population, then pay a visit to the Old Jewish cemetery in the Josefov area.

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5. Old Town Square - Prague

Old Town Square

One of the most attractive things about Prague’s Old Town Square is that it has remained untouched since the 10th century. The place receives several visitors every year who love to admire the beautiful architecture, which consists of the Gothic Tyn Cathedral, the Rococo Kinsky Palace, and the Baroque St. Nicholas Church, amongst others. The Old Town Square is basically in the heart of Prague and is home to different architectural styles that range from Baroque to Gothic. When in the Old Town Square, don’t forget to visit the Old Town Hall that was constructed back in 1364. It is one of the most important buildings in Prague and is home to the beautiful Astronomical Tower, which was built in 1410. The Nicholas Church is another important place, as it is decorated in Jugendstil style, and is currently used as a government building. The Tyn Church, on the other hand, is one of the most famous churches in Prague and is famous for its beautiful spires that were finished in 1511. When in the area, don’t forget to visit Kinský Palace, which has been done in Rococo style and is truly spectacular.

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6. Petrin - Prague

Petrin

Petrin is said to be the miniature version of the Eifel Tower and was built for the Jubilee Exhibition in 1891. The tower is located on the Petrin Hill, and its total height is 1043 feet. In order to reach to the top of the tower, people have to climb 299 steps to experience the beauty of Prague’s panoramic landscape. If one looks carefully, then they can see the tallest peaks of Snezka that is hardly 150km away. Petrin is a treat for the eyes, as it is situated in landscaped gardens. Visitors can go to the observatory that has telescopes, the rose garden, the church, and the hall of mirrors. Once you are done with exploring the miniature Eifel Tower, it is highly recommended that you visit Nebozizek Restaurant, which is also situated in the Petrin Hill. One great thing about Petrin is that it is beautiful all year round. In summers, you can go for a leisurely stroll and smell the roses in the gardens, whereas during winters you can be awed by the snow covered roofs.

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7. Saint Vitus Cathedral - Prague

Saint Vitus Cathedral

The beauty of Prague lies in its architecture. St. Vitus Cathedral is situated in the Prague Castle Complex and is home to the seat of Prague’s archbishop and Czech crown jewels. The cathedral is basically divided into two parts. The western neo-Gothic area was constructed in the 19th and 20th century, whereas the Gothic eastern tract and the main tower were made in the 14th and 15th century. The cathedral was initially built in the 14th century by the Swabian Petr Parler and the French Matthias of Arras, and the construction work was finally completed by Josef Mocker, Josef Kranner, and Kamil Hilbert. The neo-Gothic area has statues of saints, and has a Golden gate which has huge arches and used to serve as the entrance. The gate is truly unique as it is multicolored and has mosaic work that is made from one million glass grits. The towers of the cathedral are high and the southern tower was made in the 14th century. In addition to this, the cathedral has three aisles, and the side aisles are connected to the chapels. Furthermore, St. Vitus Cathedral has a Gothic portrait gallery that must be visited.

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8. Church of Our Lady before Týn - Prague

Church of Our Lady before Týn

The Church of Our Lady before Týn a Gothic church located in the Old Town Square, Gothic Architecture can be seen all over Prague. It was founded back in 1385, in an era when Roman Catholics were brutally murdering the Hussites. It was during that time that the Catholic Jesuits took charge and the Hussites symbols were replaced with figures of Mary. The landmark is truly distinctive and the entrance is spread over 80 meters. It is said that Walt Disney took inspiration for Sleeping Beauty’s Castle from the Church of Our Lady before Týn, which adds to its popularity. If you observe carefully, you will see that that both the spires of the church are not the same, and the reason is that they represent the feminine and masculine side of the world. If you are in Prague, then do visit the Church of Our Lady before Týn as it looks very pretty under direct daylight and even more beautiful when it is brightly lit during night time.

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9. Prague Castle - Prague

Prague Castle

It is said that Prague Castle is the biggest castle in the world. This beautiful building is spread over 18 acres and has three huge courtyards. The castle was founded in 880 by Prince Bořivoj of the Premyslid dynasty and in the 10th century, the first Czech convent was founded here, which currently serves as a gallery. The castle has been home to several kings, princes, and the Prague bishop.You can get to the castle on foot via the Nerudova Street, Castle Steps or the Old Castle Steps. You can also take the tram and get off at Královský letohrádek, Pražský hrad, or at Pohořelec. Visiting the castle is an experience of its own as there are so many exhibitions and museums inside the huge building. There is something for everyone in Prague Castle, as adults can visit the Picture Gallery, whereas children can go visit the Museum of Toys. It will take you a few hours to cover everything as the place has several places such as the Royal Gardens, the Renaissance Summer Palace of Queen Anne, the Romanesque Basilica of St. George, the Gothic Royal Palace, and the beautiful Baroque courtyard. Other than this, you can stroll in the gardens and be mesmerized by Castle’s beauty.

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10. Olšany Cemetery - Prague

Olšany Cemetery

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