The capital of Shaanxi Province known as Chang’an which means “Eternal Peace”. This city represents one of the places of origin of the ancient Chinese civilization. The Silk Road and the Terracotta Warriors of the Qin Dynasty gave the city an international reputation. This city has many historical sites to visit.
Xi'an is a substantial city and capital of Shaanxi Province in focal China. Once known as Chang'an (Eternal Peace), it denote the Silk Road's eastern end and was home to the Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang lines' decision houses. At archeological destinations in Xi'an's encompassing fields are the renowned worldwide Bingmayong (Terra Cotta Army), a great many life-estimate, hand-shaped figures covered with China's first ruler, Qin Shi Huang. Xian, situated in focal northwest China, records the immense changes of the nation simply like a living history book. Called Chang'an (which means the interminable city) in antiquated circumstances, it is one of the origin of the old Chinese human progress in the Yellow River Basin zone. As the eastern terminal of the Silk Road and the site of the well known Terracotta Warriors of the Qin Dynasty, the city has disarmed a notoriety all the world.
Xian is a standout amongst the most critical and helpful transportation center points in focal and western China. Visit flights, prepares and transports interface the city with other significant urban communities all around the nation. The urban transportation of the city has been to some degree disappointing as of late on account of the tram development. Presently metro line 1 and line 2 are in operation. A few different lines are additionally under development or in the arranging procedure. For the time being the transports and taxicabs can take you to get around the city. The night life in this antiquated city has a one of a kind charm. Voyagers can appreciate the night landscape around the Bell Tower, walk around the antiquated Big Wild Goose Pagoda and view the music and light wellspring execution on the north square under the pagoda, and watch a Tang Dynasty Music and Dance Show or a show of the neighborhood Shaanxi Opera (Qin Qiang).
The famed Terra Cotta army of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China, is a long studied and much popularized monument. The army was built to accompany him in the afterlife. The statues might be almost completely colorless today, but there are patches that hint painted clothes and features. The army constitutes soldiers horse, chariots, and even generals. Further excavations have revealed officials, acrobats, and musicians. The site is definitely an interesting tourist destination.
This Buddhist Pagoda was built in 652 and originally had five stories. The site was further built on by succeeding dynasties and emperors. The main structure stood 10 stories tall until an earthquake reduced it to the current 7 stories we see today, standing 64.5m tall. The building holds figurines of the Buddha. The Daci’en temple was also built to commemorate the death of a queen. The site has many squares and gardens around the temple.
Known as the Xi’an City wall, an ancient capital of China. This impressive construction has been refurbished and renovated quite a few times since it was built in the 14th century. The wall is 25 KM in length, while the area within the wall is 36 square KM. The wall was built by the first emperor of the Ming dynasty who heeded the advice of a hermit to begin fortifications. It is the most complete wall that has survived in China.
The drum tower of Xi’an was erected during the Ming Dynasty. The monument stands close to Bell tower and are sister buildings, part of the same site. The drums were used to signal time and to sound the alarm in emergencies. In modern times the site features a few attractions: the biggest drum in China is housed in the tower and holds frequent musical performances themed on ancient Chinese culture. Do enjoy this symbol of the city.
The Bell Tower of Xi’an along with the Drum Tower of Xi’an are referred to together as the ‘morning bell and dark drum’. They were built in the 14th century by the Ming dynasty. It is a symbol of the city and one of the most awe-inspiring in China. The Bell tower houses a number of bronze bells, which are quite large. The tower is built of brick and timber and approximately 40 meters high.
THe Small Wild Goose Pagoda is one of 2 notable pagodas in Xi’an. The Pagoda has a brick frame built around a hollow interior, it was built originally built with blue bricks. The pagoda stands across the street from the Dajianfu temple, which was built before it. Pilgrims brought sacred Buddhist writing to it in its heyday. The pagoda has an exceptional architecture, reminiscent of the designs of the era. The pagoda holds a morning bell chime for visitors to attend.
The Famen Temple, located in Famen of Fufeng county, 120 km from Xi’an. It is consider by some as the forerunner of the Ziggurat in central Shaanxi. The temple complex is nearing completion and will be a cultural heritage site second only to the Terra cotta army in Shaanxi. The temple was either built during the Han dynasty or the Northen Zhou dynasty. The temple is a great symbol of Buddhism and is renowned for storing the finger bone of the Sakyamuni Buddha.
The Beilin Bowuguan is a museum also known as Stele forest museum. It was built in the 11th century to store stonework sculptures. The museum displays stone tablets and sculptures. The museum has not been built keep foreign guests in mind and thus is a little difficult to fully appreciate. One prominent display of the museum is a work known as The Thirteen Classics. Another exhibition features calligraphy of the Tang Dynasty. Also displayed are works dated to the Han and Song dynasty.
The Xi’an Museam is located southwest of the Jianfu temple. It is a large museum, that opened only recently to the public. The museum holds relics of the Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang dynasties. These artifacts reflect the technological prowess of the individual dynasties. Exhibits show the history, economy and social life of Xi’an as well as Buddhist statues and Jades. The museum is a recent erection but follows the traditional Chinese concept of the universe. International guests can certainly fully appreciate its splendor.
The Xingjiao temple might be unfamiliar to foreign visitors but it is a historically important site. It features the Dagobas of Xuanzang and two smaller ones of his disciples. The site is an ancestral ground to the Ci’en sect, the founder to it being Master Xuangzang. The site has only recently been named part of the world heritage list. The temple is located southeast of Xi’an and is still home to Buddhist followers and those who adore Master Xuanzang.