Egypt, officially known as the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country that is stretched out on two continents: Asia and Africa. More specifically, the country is situated towards the north of Africa and the south west of Asia. It has coastlines on both the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. An artificial canal called the Suez Canal connects the two seas that was built in 1869.
The transcontinental country shares border with Libya to the west, Israel to the east, and Sudan to the west. The country is connected with Asia through a land bridge known as the Sinai Peninsula. It has an extensive history that dates back to the tenth millennium B.C. Ancient Egypt is considered the cradle of civilization where some of the earliest known developments is considered to have took place including writing, organized religion, urbanization, and central government.
The country contains various iconic monuments such as the Great Sphinx, Giza Necropolis, and the most famous, the Pyramids, which is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the world. The ruins of Karnak, Thebes, Memphis, and the Valley of the Kings reflect a legacy left by one of the most glorious human civilizations ever to have existed.
It can be said that where Egypt is, there the history of human civilization really begins. The rich cultural heritage of Egypt defines the very identity of the country. Egyptian culture has assimilated influence of Persian, Greek, Roman, Ottoman, Arab, and European. Most of the people have resided near the banks of the fertile Nile River Valley.
The large area of Sahara that constitutes a large portion of Egyptian territory had been sparsely inhabited. Almost half of the population lives in the dense urban areas of Alexandria, Cairo, Giza, Shubra El-Kheima, Port Said, and Suez. Each of these cities have more than a million inhabitants with Cairo having a population of about 12 million people.
Where is Egypt located defines the very identity of the inhabitants. There are so many interesting places to visit and sites to see in Egypt that it will take you multiple visits to fully experience the country. In Cairo, the largest city in the Africa and the Middle East, you can view the Sphinx, Pyramids, and the Egyptian Museum.
You can also take a cruise or a balloon ride over the River Nile. The experience will truly be breathtaking to say the least. Others important cities include Alexandria, Sharm El Sheikh, Luxor, and Aswan. Egypt should be the must visit place in every traveller's itinerary.
Al-Azhar Park is one of the largest and most popular parks in Cairo, Egypt. Among several other parks, Al-Azhar has often been cited as one of best public spaces in the world by a number of global ranking agencies. The park was developed at a cost of USD $30 million and was gifted to Cairo by Aga Khan IV. The park is frequently visited by residents and tourists, as it offers a number of life impr...
Standing 136.4 meters with a base of about 216 meters, Pyramid of Khafre is the second largest and second tallest of the Great Pyramids of Giza. Not only is this pyramid one of the Seven Wonders of the World, it is also the tomb of Pharaoh Khafre - who ruled Egypt during the Fourth Dynasty (2558 BC to 2532 BC). The entire pyramid is composed of limestone. The slope of this pyramid is much steeper...
Colossi of Memnon refer to two large statues located near the Theban Necropolis, near the modern city of Luxor (Egypt). These statutes are presumed to represent the ancient Pharaoh Amenhotep III, who ruled Egypt during the Dynasty XVII (1350 BC). The twin statues are designed in a seated position, with their hands resting on their knees. Their faces are gazing towards the east (River Nile). Two s...
The Mosque of Ibn Tulun is, undoubtedly, the oldest of all the mosques in Egypt. It is located in Cairo, was constructed at some point during 879 AD, and rests on a small hill called Gebel Yashkur (the Hill of Thanksgiving). According to a famous legend, this was the place where Noah’s Ark came to rest after the Great Flood. In terms of land area, Ibn Tulun is the largest mosque in Cairo. It was constructed in Samarran-style and has some traces of early Abbasid architecture. The mosque is built around a small courtyard and has an ablution fountain in one of its corners. Throughout history, the mosque has been restored and renovated several times. The first known restoration took place in 1177 AD, under direct orders from a Fatimid vizier named Badr al-Jamali. During this time, the interiors were given a Turkish-Ottoman touch. In 1296 AD, Sultan Lajin undertook extensive repair and restoration of the mosque. Large inscriptions declaring the oneness of God were carved extensively all over the interiors. The most recent restoration took place in 2004 and was ordained by the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities. The Mosque of Ibn Tulun is a place of worship, as well as a popular attraction for all visiting tourists.