Haiti, officially named the Republic of Haiti, is situated on the Hispaniola Island in the western hemisphere. This is where is Haiti, precisely in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean. It spreads over three-eighths of the island, which it shares with Dominican Republic. Haiti is spread over 27,750 square kilometers, almost the size of Maryland and has 10.6 million inhabitants. It is the most populous country in the Caribbean Community and the third most populous in the whole of the Caribbean. Two thirds of the country is mountainous with the remaining stunningly beautiful with small plains, valleys, and plateaus.
Moving onto where is Haiti historically, it was first inhabited by the Taino people and became known to Europeans in 1492 during the voyage of Christopher Columbus. Later, Spain ruled the island until the 17th century and it as established as a sovereign Republic of Haiti in 1804, becoming the first independent nation of Caribbean and Latin America. Haiti is a member of CARICOM, Latin Union, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of American States.
There are countless things to do and places to visit in Haiti from exploring its picturesque landscapes to admiring the architecture and many other activities for people of all age groups. If you visit Port au Prince, you will find stunning architectural structures that withstood the 2010 earthquake. The town of Jacmel is another interesting place to visit for its vibrant local handicrafts and colonial charm. Colorful murals and mosaics by local artists decorate the Boulevard de Bord de Mer on the oceanfront. If you want an escape from the crowds, explore the stunning secluded beaches of the Ile-a-Vache islands which offers serene atmosphere amidst blue waters.
One of the most interesting places to visit in Haiti is the UNESCO site and one of America's largest fortresses, which awes visitors by its grandiose, the Citadelle Laferriere. It sits on a mountain top so steep that it's called the Bonnet l'Eveque, meaning the bishop’s hat. You can also find the ruins of King Henri's palace below the citadel. For some exciting nightlife, you can head over to Petionville, which is flooded with restaurants, bars, and galleries. Climb to the top of Haiti's second highest mountain, Pic Macaya, hike in the national parks of La Visite and Parc Macaya or visit the Museum of Haitian Art for a fine collection of paintings and crafts, there is truly a lot to do in Haiti.