Where is Lebanon? The Lebanese Republic is a country in Western Asia located on the crossroads between the Arabian hinterland and the Mediterranean Basin which facilitate its rich history, cultural identity, and ethnic diversity. Lebanon gained its independence on November 1943, and the French forces officially withdrew from the sovereign state in December 1946.
Lebanon has an area of 10,452 square kilometers and is bordered by Syria to the north and east, Israel to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea to the west. Beirut is the capital and largest city in Lebanon and the official language of the country is Arabic.
The earliest evidence of mankind in Lebanon predates recorded history and dates back to over seven thousand years. Lebanon was home to the Phoenicians from 1550 BC to 539 BC, and came under the Roman Empire by 64 BC. The region eventually became part of the Ottoman Empire from 1516 to 1918, following which it came under French Mandate until its independence.
Where is Lebanon in geography and tourism? Lebanon is basically divided into four physiographic regions – the Lebanon mountain range, the Beqaa Valley, the Coastal Plain, and the Anti-Lebanon mountain range. The coastal plain of Lebanon stretches from the Syrian border in the north to the Israeli border in the south. Lebanon has a Mediterranean climate with cool winters and rainy summers.
However, in the mountainous regions of the country, heavy snowfall is prevalent even until the early summers. Lebanon has a relatively high rainfall compared to its neighboring countries that preserve the large forests in the country. The cedar trees are native to the region and serve as the emblem of the country.
Tourism has historically been a major industry in Lebanon, as Beirut is often called The Paris of the Middle East. Beirut is one of the top places to visit in Lebanon for Levantine and Mediterranean culture, history, cuisine, architecture, and archeology. Places like the Citadel of Raymond de Saint-Gilles, the Sidon Sea Castle, and the Mseilha Fort are the top historic landmarks in the country.
Tripoli, the second largest city in the country, is home to the infamous Old Town with Levantine, Mediterranean, Arab, and French influenced architecture, culture and heritage. The Casino du Liban in Maameltein is one of the major places to visit in Lebanon for entertainment and luxury. Located 22 kilometers to the north of Beirut, the area is home to one of the largest casinos and nightlife destinations in the Middle East. Overall, Lebanon offers a distinct look at the history of mankind and culture along with lavish tourism and nightlife venues that make it a top destination in Asia!
The things to do in Byblos Archaeological Site and to see is a historical tour that shoud not be missed. The Crusader Castle is located just within the entrance and adds a fitting touch to the archaelogical site which features Greek, Roman and Neolithic ruins. The Roman Theater has only five tiers remaining ,was built about 218 A.D. It was removed from its original site between the City gate and t...
Deir al Qamar is a brilliant architectural masterpiece. The village is located in the south of central area in Lebanon and it is some miles outside consisted out of red tiled roofs. The translation of the name is the Monastery of the Moori. The area was known as the Capital of Emirs. Different palaces were situated in the Mount Lebanon and it was situated in the area ever since the 16th Century an...
The Crusader Castle in Byblos is a solid structure that is surrounded by a wide and dry moat spanning 10 meters. This is located just within the entrance and adds a fitting touch to the archeological site which features Greek, Roman and Neolithic ruins. The castle offers a panoramic view over the vast ruins along with the harbor if you climb to the crenellated towers and roofs. There is also a for...
Ramparts, glacis and city walls of the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. located inside the modern wall on the right side of the Castle entrance,those structures show successive stages of the construction and restoration of these Mediaval ramparts. the indented wall belongs to the fortifications of the 3rd millennium, while the terraced slopes or glacis are made of large blocks that go back to the Hyksos period (1725 - 1580 B.C..