Where is Mozambique? It lies in southeast Africa and borders with the Indian Ocean from the east. To its north lies Tanzania, to the northwest lies Zambia and Malawi, to the southwest lies Swaziland and South Africa and to the west, Zimbabwe. Towards the east, it is separated by the Mozambique Channel from Madagascar. Its capital and largest city is Mupato. It spreads over an area of 801,590 square kilometers with a population of more than 24 million.
Where is Mozambique historically? It was occupied by Bantu speaking tribes between the 1st and 5th centuries AD and later by the Arabs and Europeans. The Portuguese colonized it in 1505 and the country gained its independence in 1975, after four centuries of Portuguese rule. Soon after independence, the country entered into an intense civil war which ended in 1992 and the first multiparty elections in the country took place in 1994.
There are many places to visit in Mozambique, starting from the Indian Ocean. Tourists can go snorkeling and diving in the crystal blue waters of the ocean and meet dolphins and rays. Drivers can enjoy the reefs of Inhambane which provide an unforgettable diving experience. One of the country's most vibrant and growing cities that rest on the shores of the Indian Ocean is Pemba. The beach at Wimbe is known for its sweltering temperatures and there are fine restaurants and bars to enjoy in the city.
For all nature lovers who like to go bird watching or exploring wildlife, some of the most interesting places to visit in Mozambique for such activities are the Gorongosa National Park, the Marromeu National Park and the Quirimbas National Park. Don’t forget to pack your binoculars to spot the birds. The balmy waters of the Quirimbas National Park are also great for diving and snorkeling and a coastline stretching for 110 km is also available to explore the wildlife, including leopards, elephants and lions.
In the Mozambique Channel, you can also hope to catch a variety of fish such as the sailfish, kingfish, Dorado, dogtooth tuna, and barracuda. There are plenty of hiking trails in the 12 national parks of the country, so tourists shouldn’t forget their hiking boots. Africa's most appealing capital, Mupato provides a lively cultural experience with its street cafes and wide avenues. There is a city museum to explore as well as a market worth checking out.